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Resolved: The United States should replace means-tested welfare programs with a universal basic income.


Venezuela Daily Update

Bibliography .  Venezuela Argument List Many reasons Maduro won’t be overthrown. Sanctions won’t cause him to be toppled Tom Wood, January 23, 2020,, A year on, Juan Guaidó’s attempt at regime change in Venezuela has stalled Why did predictions of Maduro’s imminent departure prove so ill-founded? The mismatch was partly the product of wishful thinking on the part of international establishment opinion. There has been a through-the-looking-glass aspect to


Venezuela Argument List

Bibliography Pro US economy (exports to Venezuela) Venezuela economy/poverty, kill 40,000 — make trade impossible — Freeze capital — Undermine the oil industry Venezuela medicine access Embargo immoral Collapse fuels the drug trade General humanitarian situation in Venezuela Refugees, disease spread Venezuela-Russia tiest bad Venezuela-China ties bad Venezuela-Iran ties bad Venezuela-Cuba ties bad Sanctions are imperialistic Sanctions undermine international law Sanctions generally fail Sanctions don’t product regime change Sanctions undermine


The United States should end its economic sanctions against Venezuela (January PF)

Amisha’s Reading List — Key Pro & Con Articles Sanctions that kill Venezuelans (2019). This article describes the various ways sanctions kill Venezuela’s economy and answers the argument that sanctions targeted at officials don’t cause humanitarian problems. The impact of the 2017 sanctions on Venezuela (2019). This study attacks the methodology for the claim that 40,000 have died from sanctions. Background History and Status Quo US Policy (Wikipedia) Timeline of


Cyber Security Daily Update

Table of Contents Countries won’t take down our grid because they know it will be an act of war David Craig, Summer 2019,, The Age of Cyberwarfare I have little doubt that our enemies are capable of taking down sizable portions of our power grid. We know this, in part, because we’re capable of doing it to other countries and because we’ve detected Russian and Chinese hackers poking around


Resolved: The benefits of the United States federal government’s use of offensive cyber operations outweigh the harms.

Table of Contents Middle school reading list   UK and Russia are already at war (2019). This describes the current state of global cyber warfare and explains how it is ongoing.   White House authorizes offensive cyber operations (2019). This article explains the new Presidential Decision Directive that authorizes the use of offensive cyber operations against enemies. I don’t think it has any evidence in it, but it is useful

(PRO): Human Rights Answers

No internal link evidence – Even if Europe joining would reduce human rights pressure, there is no evidence that human rights pressure will work Non-unique: China is violating human rights now despite the EU not joining. European Commission and HR/VP contribution to the European Council, March 9, 2019, EU-China: A Strategic Outlook The ability of EU and China to engage effectively on human rights will be an important measure

(Pro): Climate Change Answers

Their argument is morally reprehensible.  The Con has no alternative to development led by China and the BRI, so their argument is literally that people in the developing world should stay poor and suffer an early death in order to avoid a marginal increase in coal consumption relative to the developed world where wealthy people live in air conditioned spaces and jet set around the world.  There is a moral