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West Africa Urbanization Topic Outline

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West Africa Urbanization Topic Outline

PRO *Poverty (a) Remittances go to rural areas(b) Better than living in the countryside© Increases the development of the countryside because they produce good for the cities__ (d) increase tax collection, social welfare spending(e) Job opportunities(f) Digitalization/critical infrastructure increases economic opportunities *Economic growth (a) Larger workforce/economic growth(b) Urban jobs are better than rural jobs(c) Urbanization increases foreign direct investment (FDI), FDI good (d) Entrepreneurship — more resources, interacting with other people

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The NSA should end its surveillance of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents (essay and evidence)

“’The stuff I saw really began to disturb me,” Mr. Snowden recalled. ”I could watch drones in real time as they surveilled the people they might kill.” He added: ”I watched N.S.A. tracking people’s Internet activities as they typed. I became aware of just how invasive U.S. surveillance capabilities had become. I realized the true breadth of this system. And almost nobody knew it was happening” New York Times Introduction

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Resolved: The NSA should end its surveillance of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents (Bibliography)

Background — History Mass surveillance in the US (wikipedia). This Wikipedia post generally covers the history of surveillance in the US. Background — General The Future of US Foreign Intelligence Surveillance (2020). Although the focus of the article is on foreign surveillance, it discusses how US citizens are caught up in that surveillance. NSA Surveillance (2020).. Although it has a Pro bent, this article offers an excellent overview of NSA