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Resolved: The benefits of the United States federal government’s use of offensive cyber operations outweigh the harms.

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Resolved: The benefits of the United States federal government’s use of offensive cyber operations outweigh the harms.

Table of Contents Amisha’s reading list/key articles   UK and Russia are already at war (2019). This describes the current state of global cyber warfare and explains how it is ongoing.   White House authorizes offensive cyber operations (2019). This article explains the new Presidential Decision Directive that authorizes the use of offensive cyber operations against enemies. I don’t think it has any evidence in it, but it is useful

Westfield-NYCUDL Girls RR

NYC Girls Inaugural Round Robin Debate Invitational from The New York City Debate League on Vimeo. The Westfield Debate Team and the New York City Urban Debate League are honored to invite all female identifying debaters to join us for a day of competitive debate in a supportive environment. We aim to provide exceptional judging and detailed feedback to all our participants as they prepare for November/December tournaments. This day

(PRO): Human Rights Answers

No internal link evidence – Even if Europe joining would reduce human rights pressure, there is no evidence that human rights pressure will work Non-unique: China is violating human rights now despite the EU not joining. European Commission and HR/VP contribution to the European Council, March 9, 2019, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/communication-eu-china-a-strategic-outlook.pdf EU-China: A Strategic Outlook The ability of EU and China to engage effectively on human rights will be an important measure

(Pro): Climate Change Answers

Their argument is morally reprehensible.  The Con has no alternative to development led by China and the BRI, so their argument is literally that people in the developing world should stay poor and suffer an early death in order to avoid a marginal increase in coal consumption relative to the developed world where wealthy people live in air conditioned spaces and jet set around the world.  There is a moral

(Pro) A2: Sex Trafficking

Turn – Poverty drives sex trafficking Erika Wright, 2019, Poverty and Its Contribution to Human Trafficking, https://borgenproject.org/poverty-contribution-human-trafficking/ Poverty is a compelling factor in the human trafficking industry. Human Trafficking occurs in every single country on the globe. It is a global epidemic driven by poverty. The most common countries to which victims are exported are in Western Europe, Western Africa, Asia, Arab Nations and North America. The highest destination countries

(Pro) A2: Europe Joining Reduces China’s Investment in Africa

Africa doesn’t need China’s investment, it has Europe’s investment Garcia Herald, 7-22, 19, https://bruegel.org/2019/07/chinas-investment-in-africa-what-the-data-really-says-and-the-implications-for-europe/, What the data really says, and the implications for Europe That said, China’s investment in Africa is still at the early stages compared with that of key European countries that have a colonial past in Africa, especially France and the UK. Chart 4 shows that the FDI stocks sourced respectively from the UK and France into

(Con) A2: BRI Key to China Steel Exports

Turn – Ore prices (a) Lower China steel demand lowers ore prices Hoyle, 9-3, 19, https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinese-steel-slowdown-slams-iron-ore-prices-11567505144, Wall Street Journal, Chinese Steel Slowdown Slams Iron-Ore Prices Iron-ore prices posted their biggest one-month fall in almost eight years as China’s huge steel engine cools and global shipments of the commodity rise. (b) Lower ore prices boost the US steel industry Hoyle, 9-3, 19, https://www.wsj.com/articles/chinese-steel-slowdown-slams-iron-ore-prices-11567505144, Wall Street Journal, Chinese Steel Slowdown Slams Iron-Ore