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Resolved: The United States should replace means-tested welfare programs with a universal basic income (bibliography)

Resolved: The United States should replace means-tested welfare programs with a universal basic income (bibliography)

Amisha’s Reading List

Pro

Basic income is better than the welfare state (2019). This article discusses Yang”s proposal and Murray’s proposal for UBI. It favors Murray’s proposal.

The progressive case for replacing the welfare state with a UBI. This article discusses the severe limitations of the current welfare system.

9 arguments against a UBI debunked (2018). This article answers common objections to a UBI.

Con

UB may sound attractive, but it would likely increase poverty (2019). This article argues that UBI will trigger cuts in means tested programs that will increase poverty by 10 million people.

Three arguments against a UBI (2019). This article argues that UBI just rebrands welfare but significantly increases the power of the state.

UBI would cost taxpayers 3.8 trillion (2019) . This article discusses a study that concludes UBI would cost $3.8 trillion per year. 

UBI: New Study Finds it Cannot Live Up to Its Promise (2019). This article argues that the existing UBI experiments do not do not prove a UBI will work.

Definitions

What is a UBI?

The Definitive Guide to UBI

What is basic income      

Background

UBI: Purpose, Pros and Cons (2019)

Can $500/month change a city (2019)

UBI will change welfare (2019)

Pitts legacy includes a call for UBI (2019)

Do Milton Friedman and Andrew Yang really agree on a UBI? (2019)

Yang’s UBI is stealth welfare reform (2019)

Promise of a UBI and Its Limitations (2018)

Beyond the Wage-Based Society (Book)

Pro — Proposals

In Our Hands: A Plan to Replace the Welfare State (book) (2016) America’s population is wealthier than any in history. Every year, the American government redistributes more than a trillion dollars of that wealth to provide for retirement, health care, and the alleviation of poverty. We still have millions of people without comfortable retirements, without adequate health care, and living in poverty. Only a government can spend so much money so ineffectually. The solution is to give the money to the people This is the Plan, a radical new approach to social policy that defies any partisan label. Murray suggests eliminating all welfare transfer programs at the federal, state, and local levels and substituting an annual $10,000 cash grant to everyone age twenty-one or older. In Our Hands describes the financial feasibility of the Plan and its effects on retirement, health care, poverty, marriage and family, work, neighborhoods and civil society.

A budget neutral UBI proposal (2019)

 — Exploring a budget neutral UBI (2019)

Pro —  General

Universal basic income didn’t fail in Finland (2018)

The paradox of a UBI (2018)

Can $500/month change a city (2019)

UBI will change welfare (2019)

Pitts legacy includes a call for UBI (2019)

Do Milton Friedman and Andrew Yang really agree on a UBI? (2019)

Yang’s UBI is stealth welfare reform (2019)

Promise of a UBI and Its Limitations (2018)

Beyond the Wage-Based Society (Book)

UBI is a good idea (2019)

A Left defense of UBI (2019)

What has a year of experiments taught us about UBI (2019)

UBI will help Kentucky and the nation (2019)

UBI wouldn’t mean everyone quits working (2019)

On the economics of a UBI (2017)

Tax robots and a UBI (2018)

Pro — Replace Welfare

Basic income is better than the welfare state (2019)

Why welfare doesn’t work and what should we do instead (2018)

The progressive case for replacing the welfare state with a basic income (2018)

The pro work case for a UBI (2017)

The libertarian case for a UBI (2013)

Atlas Nods: The Libertarian Case for a UBI (2017)

Right wing case for a basic income (2017)

The federal poverty line is too low (2019)

Means testing is not progressive (2019)

The progressive case for replacing the welfare state with a UBI (2019)

Pro — Laziness Answers

A UBI wouldn’t make people lazy,i t would change the nature of work (2019)

Pro — Unemployment

30 million workers would lose their jobs because of UBI (2019)

Three reasons for a UBI (2017)

What the future of work will mean for jobs and unemployment (2019)

Unreasonable reasons for opposing a UBI (2018)

UBI is the solution to a worsening problem (2019)

The paradox of UBI (2018)

Let the robots take our jobs and pay for a UBI (2018)

Why Elon Musk thinks a UBI is inevitable (2017)

Why a UBI is an answer to job automation (2017)

UBI: An idea whose time has come (2019)

UBI, Automation, and the Future of Jobs (2019)

Robots are stealing our jobs (2019)

Pro — Rural

Can UBI solve Appalachia’s post-coal poverty (2019)

Pro — Freedom

Why did Hayek support a UBI (2019)

Pro — Political engagement

Radical pluralism — a liberal defense of UBI (2019)

Pro — Poverty

13 million people are disconnected from the social safety net, most of them are white (2019)

Can a family survive on minimum wage? (2019)

Pro — Inequality

Income inequality continues to grow in the US (2019)

Inequality and the basic income guarantee (2019)

Pro — Racism

How a UBI can cure racial inequality (2019)

Basic Income as a Reparation (2019)

Pro — Economy

A basic income for all (2019)

This is why experts think all people should have a UBI (2019)

UBI could grow the economy by an extra 12.5 percent (2017)

Study: UBI would grow the economy (2017)

UBI would do wonders for the US economy (2017)

Modeling the macreconomic effects of a UBI (2019) How would a massive federal spending program like a universal basic income (UBI) affect the macroeconomy? We use the Levy Institute macroeconometric model to estimate the impact of three versions of such an unconditional cash assistance program over an eight-year time horizon. Overall, we find that the economy can not only withstand large increases in federal spending, but could also grow thanks to the stimulative effects of cash transfers on the economy.

Pro — Feminism

The Feminist Case for UBI (2019)

Why UB is a Women’s Issue (2019

Could basic income play a role in the fight against unfree labor (2017)

The feminist case for UBI (2017)

UBI: A feminist perspective on UBI (2017)

Feminist Theory, Gender Inequity, Basic Income (2019)

We are all housewives: UBI as wages for housework (2019)

Feminist political theory and the argument for an unconditonal basic income (2017)

Pro — Mental Health

UBI and mental health (2019)

Pro — Disabilities

Universal Basic Income will help people with disabilities escape poverty (2019)

Pro  — Bargaining Power

The real power of a UBI is that it raises the reservation wag e (2018)

Pro — Public Sphere

Republicanism and a Rearticulation of the Public Sphere (2019)

Pro — Climate Change

Here’s how a UBI could mitigate the climate emergency (2019)

Alive in the sunshine (2014)

Pro — Crime

UBI as a Policy Lever: Can UBI reduce crime? (2019)

Pro — General Answers to Stuff

9 arguments against a UBI debunked (2018)

Pro — Cost Answers

Poverty costs the US more than a UBI would (2019)

The two most popular critiques of a UBI are wrong (2018)

UBI costs less than you think (2019)

Here’s how to fund a UBI program in the US (2019)

Why we should support the idea of a UBI in the US (2018)

How much does a UBI cost  (2017)

Interview with Guy Standing (2017)

How to cut the poverty rate in half (2017)

Pro — Libertarianism Answers

The pragmatic libertarian case for a UBI (2018)

Why should a libertarian take UBI seriously? (2018)

Pro — Capital Flight Answers

UBI won’t cause capital flight    (2017)

Pro — Immigration Answers

Reconciling UBI with immigration concerns (2018)

Pro — Inflation Answers

A New Mexico study undercuts one of the greatest myths of UBI (2017)

Will basic income causes massive inflation? No (2017)

Wouldn’t unconditional basic income cause massive inflation? (2017)

Cash transfers and & basic income don’t cause inflation (2017)

UBI: Something we can all agree on    (2017)

Will basic income cause inflation? (2017)

Pro — Negative Income Tax Answers

The UBI and an NIT (2017)

Pro — EITC answers

Harvard economist agrees to replace EITC with UBI (2018)

Why a universal basic income is better than wage subsidies (2017)

Pro — Higher Minimum Wage Answers

UBI vs. Living Wage (2017

Pro — Job Guarantee Answers

Why we need a UBI (2017)

The basic income and job guarantee are complentary (2016)

Pro — Universal Services Answers

Why Universal Services is no alternative to a UBI (2018)

Pro — Participation Income Answers

What about a participation income? (2017)

The public administrative case against UBI (2017)

CON

Con — General

The reality of a UBI (2019)

Three arguments against a UBI (2019)

UBI: New Study Finds it Cannot Live Up to Its Promise (2019)

Collosal problem with UBI (2019)

UBI: A Dream Come True for Despots (2019)

America’s Real Freedom Dividend: Hard Work and Pro Business Policies (2019

UBI fredom plan would harm other low income Americans (2019)

UBI is a Pandora’s box (2019)

UBI won’t be a panacea for ecoomies(2019)

Universal basic income: A Thorougly wrongheaded idea (2019)

UBI harms recipients and increases dependence on the government (2018)

UBI: New Study Finds it Cannot Live Up to Its Promise (2019)

UBI is not the solution we think it is (2019)

UBI is a bad idea (2019)

UBI: A Thorougly wrongheaded idea (2018)

UBI: Simplicity, But at What Cost (2014)

A UBI is a poor tool to fight poverty (2015)

Implementing a UBI would be a disaster (2019)

UBI has been tried before and it didn’t work (2019)

UBI: A Thoroughly wrongheaded idea (2019)

UBI is little more than smoke and mirrors (2019)

An old idea, as wrong as ever: Universal basic income  (2019)

Why universal basic income wiil ruin lives (2019)

A universal basic income is antiwork (2016)

A universal basic income is little more than smoke and mirrors (2019)

Universal basic income is a universally bad idea (2019)

UBI as a Policy Response to Current Challenges (2019)  Abstract: We briefly review the main motivations behind recent calls for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) in the United States and the main features of some current UBI proposals. We then argue that a UBI would be extremely expensive and yet do very little to reduce inequality or advance opportunity and social mobility. We argue that instead of a UBI, the federal government should pursue a pro-work strategy of income support, paying wage subsidies to low-wage workers along with targeted transfer benefits consisting of both cash and near-cash types of support paid to the most needy individuals and households.

Con — Welfare Good

UBI undermines the safety net 

Why a UBI might not be the answer (2018)

Why should governments provide cash handouts before providing free public services to all? (2018)

UBI doesn’t work, let’s boost the public realm instead (2018)

UBI might hurt poor people more than it would help (2018)

The relative costs of a UBI and a basic income tax (2018)

A closer look at a UBI (2019)

What happens if you replace every social program with a UBI? (2017)

Con – Work

A UBI would undermine work (2017)

Con — Immigration

How a UBI would increase global poverty (2017)

Con — Cost

UBI would cost taxpayers 3.8 trillion (2019)

Andrew Yang’s Mat Doesn’t Add Up (2019)

Does Yang’s Freedom Proposal Add Up? (2019)

Con — Poverty

UBI won’t tackle poverty or inequality (2017)

Could UBI actually make poverty worse? (2019)

UBI may sound attractive, but it would likely increase poverty (2019)

A UBI might hurt the poor more than it helps (2019)

Con — Inequality

Could a universal basic income actually make inequality worse? (2019)

Con — Economy Answers

The Top 3 Arguments Against a UBI (2017)

Con – Roosevelt Study Answers

Options for a UBI: Dynamic Modeling= (2018)

Con — Feminism Answers

Feminism and the UBI (2017)

Basic Incomes Biggest Losers (2017)

Con — VAT Bad

Would a 10% VAT pay for a UBI?

Con — Employee Bargaining Power Answers

How Not to Argue for a UBI (2018)

Con – Automation Answers

Basic Income after asutomation: That’s Not How Capittalism Works (2017)

Con — Mental Health

UBI in the US would be bad for your mental health (2019)

Con — Cost

UBI would cost $3.8 trillion per year (2019)

The math is clear: UBI is a terrible idea (2019)

Con — Cost — Tradeoff with Health Care

The Fiscal and Economic Impact 

5 reasons why a UBI is a bad concept  (2019)

How to one up a UBI (2017)

Con — Capitalism Bad

UBI is just a band aid 

UBI is a neoliberal plot to ake you poorer (2017)

Con — Answers to: Entitlements Bad

What you need to know about means tested entitlements (2019)

What happens if you replace every social program with a UBI (2017)

Con — Universal Service Alternative

Universal services is more effective than a UBI (2019)

Con — Tyranny

Why Libertarians should oppose a UBI (2017)

4 reasons to fear a UBI (2017)

Can Libertarians advocate for a UBI? (2017)

Con — Reparations Answers

Is Basic Income Permissible? (2017)

Con — Pragmatic Libertarianism Answers

The pragmatic libertarian case for a UBI doesn’t add up (2017)

UBI stil fails to pass Libertarian scrutiny (2017)

Against the libertarian case for a basic income (2013)

Alternatives

Pros and Cons of the EITC 

UBI is just a negative income tax without a leaky bucket (2019)

Why a UBI is a poor substitute for a guaranteed jobExpanding basic services would be more effetive than a UBI (2019)

Finland

Finland gave people $640/month. He’s what happened (2019)

Is Finland’s UBI trial too good to be true? (2019)