The constructive speech begins with a statement in favor of the resolution. For example, students may start the debate by saying, “We support the resolution, Resolved: Schools should require students to wear school uniforms.”
They may then define key terms. For example, they may say that “schools” are traditional day schools and not after school and weekend learning programs. They may define “uniforms” to only include shirts and pants, and not hair style or belts.
The second part of their introduction will be the framework. The framework is what one side argues should be the guiding principle or value for the debate. For example, they may say that the purpose of school is it to help students learn so the only thing that matters is whether or school uniforms help students learn. They may then argue that negative arguments that do not fit within that framework are irrelevant.
After defining relevant terms and establishing a framework, students will lay out main arguments either for or against the resolution. Each main argument is represented by a contention, which is a part of a constructive speech that helps establish a main idea.